Today marks 100 days since the outbreak of the last confrontations between… Hizb allah Lebanon and Israel against the backdrop of the Israeli aggression against Gaza stripwhich began on the eighth of last October, on the southern border of Lebanon, which is about 120 kilometers long, from Golan Heights Syria in the east, to the town of Naqoura in the west.
The intensity of the mutual missile bombardment on the southern Lebanese border escalated, reaching tens of kilometers on both sides of the border deep into Lebanon and Israel, which threatens the escalation to turn into a broader confrontation with the Israeli bombing reaching Hezbollah’s stronghold in the southern suburb of Beirut.
The confrontations reached their peak since the assassination of Israel Saleh Al-ArouriVice President of the Political Bureau of the Islamic Resistance Movement (agitation) and 6 of the movement’s cadres, in an air strike in the southern suburb of Beirut on the 2nd of this January. It also assassinated the prominent Hezbollah field leader, Wissam Tawil, through a raid that targeted his car in southern Lebanon on the 9th of this month.
Fear of a wide war
According to a report by Anatolia Agency, fears have increased that the Israeli war in Gaza will expand to include other fronts in the region, including Lebanon, especially in light of the Secretary-General of Hezbollah, Hassan Nasrallah, confirming more than once that any assassination that occurs on Lebanese soil will be responded to forcefully and will not be He keeps quiet about it.
On January 3, Nasrallah said that his party had up to now taken into account Lebanese interests, “but if Israel launches war on Lebanon, our response will be unlimited.”
In his comment regarding the escalation, Lebanese Prime Minister Najib Mikati said that his country is working to reach a diplomatic solution, but he stressed that implementing this solution will be linked to stopping the Israeli aggression against Gaza. Mikati said, “Since October 7, we have been repeating that we are seeking permanent stability, and calling for a lasting peaceful solution, but in return we have received warnings through international envoys of destruction and war against Lebanon.”
He added, “The threats we are receiving are that Hezbollah must withdraw to the north of the Litani, while we stress that this matter is part of the discussion that must include Israel's complete withdrawal from the territories it occupies, and an end to its attacks on Lebanon and its violation of Lebanese sovereignty.”
Meanwhile, the US President's special envoy for global energy security, Amos Hockstein, who is in charge of indirect negotiations between Lebanon and Israel – from Beirut – last Thursday, called for calming the situation in southern Lebanon and working on a temporary compromise with Israel to avoid the worst.
Hockstein met with Israeli Defense Minister Yoav Gallant, who said that there is a “short window of time to reach diplomatic understandings with Lebanon” and stressed that Tel Aviv is “working to change the security reality along the Lebanese border.”
3 months outcome
According to Nasrallah’s speech on January 5, Hezbollah carried out more than 670 strikes during 3 months against Israeli interests, and the number of its operations against Israeli targets reached 23 on some days. He pointed out that the average strikes directed against the occupation across the Lebanese border range between 6 and 7 military operations per day.
He said that the party repeatedly targeted 48 Israeli sites along the southern border from Naqoura (southwest) to the last Shebaa Farms (southeast). He explained that the number of attacks exceeded 490 strikes, while the number of border points where Israeli soldiers took refuge reached 50 border points that targeted more than 490. Once, in addition to the confrontations that the Air Defense Forces fought with its Israeli counterpart, in addition to targeting 17 settlements.
According to Nasrallah, the party obtained Israeli reports indicating that these attacks led to the injury of about two thousand Israelis in the targeted areas.
Reports issued by Hezbollah indicate that 161 of the party's members were killed during the ongoing confrontations with the Israeli army during 100 days of conflict.
These armed confrontations – which are getting closer day after day to a broader war – have led to the damage of empty villages in southern Lebanon, and roads that have become empty of pedestrians and cars, in addition to dozens of deaths, injuries, and destroyed homes.
29 civilians were killed as a result of the Israeli bombing of southern Lebanon during the past 100 days, since October 8, including 3 journalists and 3 children.
Thousands of displaced people in Lebanon
With the escalation of the clashes in southern Lebanon, about 82,000 civilians were forced to flee their homes in areas of tension, while an increase in the number of displaced people was recorded by 8% during the first week of this month. They took refuge in safer places, according to the United Nations International Organization for Migration.
A report – published by the United Nations last Thursday – indicates that about 80% of the Lebanese who were displaced from border towns in the south reside with host families, while 17% of them reside in homes they rented.
The Lebanese Foreign Ministry pointed out – in the text of a complaint it filed against Israel last Wednesday – that the repeated and ongoing Israeli attacks led to the displacement of more than 75,000 citizens from their homes in the southern towns.
Israel burns olive trees
The Lebanese Foreign Ministry indicated – in the aforementioned complaint – that Israeli forces fired internationally banned phosphorus shells, targeting several areas in the towns of Aitaroun, Mays al-Jabal and Blida, which led to the outbreak of forest fires and the destruction of 50,000 olive trees.
It stated that the Israeli attacks on Lebanese army centers amounted to 34 attacks, which led to the death of a soldier and the wounding of 3 others, since the beginning of the escalation during the past 100 days.
Lebanon announced that Israel is still occupying the Shebaa Farms and the Kafr Shuba Hills, and is carrying out engineering works in them. Israel is also failing to define the borders at the 13 points reserved by Lebanon, which hinders efforts to reach a long-term solution, according to the Lebanese Foreign Ministry.
On August 11, 2006, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution No. 1701, which called for a complete cessation of hostilities between Lebanon and Israel, and called for the creation of an area between the Blue Line (separating Lebanon and Israel) and the Litani River in southern Lebanon, free of any armed men and equipment. Military weapons and weapons, except for those belonging to the Lebanese Armed Forces and the United Nations “UNIFIL” forces.
The southern border has witnessed considerable stability, marred by some limited violations, since 2006, which continued until the seventh of last October, but the situation changed after the party targeted Israeli sites in response to Israeli crimes in Gaza, and fears are increasing about the possibility of mutual bombing between the party and Israel turning into “All-out war.”