Tooth decay is a common dental problem. According to the World Health Organization, dental caries is a major public health problem globally and is the most prevalent non-communicable disease. (NCD) In tooth decay, the outer layer or enamel of the teeth is damaged and develops into small holes and openings. Several factors are responsible for this condition. Some of these diseases are bacterial infections, excessive consumption of sugary foods and drinks, poor oral hygiene, dry mouth, and some eating disorders, and acid reflux disorders, according to what was published by the “doctor-ndtv” website.
Learn the symptoms of tooth decay
Cavities start small and gradually get bigger. Observing the signs and symptoms of tooth decay can help you get timely treatment. Here are some warning signs and symptoms of tooth decay that you should watch out for..
1 – Tooth stains:
The initial sign of tooth decay may appear as a white spot that darkens over time to black brown spots or discoloration of the teeth.
2- Cavity formation:
When left untreated, a pot or hole can occur in or around the area which in severe cases can lead to a tooth fracture.
3- Sensitivity to heat or cold:
Tooth enamel begins to erode due to decay, which results in exposing the layer of dentin under the enamel. Exposure of dentin to hot or cold foods may stimulate nerve endings, resulting in an uncomfortable sensation in the teeth.
4- Allergy to sugary foods:
Just like hot or cold food sensitivity, sweet food can also lead to an uncomfortable lingering sensation in the teeth.
5- Toothache or abscess:
When tooth decay is left untreated and invades the tooth’s pulp (the soft tissues of the teeth that include nerve endings and blood vessels), then exposure of the pulp leads to severe pain and even abscess formation in advanced cases..