Nipah virus (NiV) has reappeared in India and causes sporadic but severe infections in humans, infection with this virus can be detected by testing RT-PCR Like the corona virus.
According to a report by the site time now news The following lines provide everything you need to know about the Nipah virus and its similarities to the Corona virus.
What is the source of Nipah virus infection?
Nipah virus (NiV) It is a zoonotic virus (transmitted from animals to humans) and can also be transmitted through contaminated food or directly between people.
How does Nipah infection spread?
Eating or sharing food and fluids contaminated with saliva and dropping infected bats can be the main source of infection in humans. It was mostly confined to an area.
What are the symptoms of Nipah virus infection?
When a person is infected with Nipah virus, they show symptoms similar to those of the Coronavirus such as fever, headache, cough, sore throat, dizziness, drowsiness, muscle aches, difficulty breathing, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, etc. If the infection is severe symptoms such as confusion, drowsiness, seizures, coma, encephalitis (swelling of the brain).
Is Nipah dangerous or deadly?
According to the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Symptoms of Nipah virus fever usually appear within 4-14 days after exposure to the virus. The illness initially presents as 3-14 days of fever and headache Early diagnosis of Nipah infection can be difficult due to early symptoms that are not limited to this disease.
During the early stages of the disease, testing can performPCR Throat swabs, nasal swabs, cerebrospinal fluid, urine, or blood can help diagnose Nipah if a person is already infected.
Later in the course of the disease and after recovery, an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay helps (ELISA) In finding antibodies to this infection however, the US CDC says early detection and diagnosis are essential to increase the chances of survival among infected individuals, prevent transmission to other people, and manage outbreak response efforts.
What is the treatment for Nipah virus infection?
There are no licensed treatments available for Nipah virus infection (NiV) The patient is given supportive care, including rest and hydration, and symptoms are treated as they arise.
Immunotherapy Monoclonal antibody therapies are currently in development (clinical trials) and evaluation for the treatment of canine infection, remdesivir antiviral therapy was effective in non-human primates when given as a post-exposure prophylaxis.
What are the ways to prevent Nipah virus infection?
In areas affected by the Nipah virus (NiV) , people should:
Practice washing your hands regularly with soap and water
Avoid contact with bats or sick pigs
Avoid areas with bat colonies
Do not consume raw palm juice
Do not consume fruits that may have been visited by bats