Technology is the application of scientific knowledge to the practical aims of human life. It has developed so rapidly during the last century, today is the golden time of technological developments. It has made things so much easy that you can learn anything through YouTube tutorials. To know anything, you just need to know how to download videos from YouTube and you can learn anything no matter how complex that is.
Many debates have arisen over the use of technology, with disagreements over whether it improves the human condition or worsens it. In many ways, it has alienated humans because it has replaced them with robots and other mechanics in many fields of the world. But one cannot ignore the fact that advanced technology is the need for time and to achieve goals one needs to know recent tech trends. To cope with today’s world, one needs to shape his/her life according to recent tech trends. It means keeping your eyes on the future, skills you will need to be equipped with to get a good job. Here are some of the tech trends which everybody should know.
- Artificial Intelligence:
Artificial Intelligence is the branch of computer sciences that emphasizes the development of intelligence machines, which work like actual humans. For example, speech recognition, problem-solving, learning, and planning. AI can do these tasks faster and more accurately than humans. It is being used everywhere, to schedule trains, assess business risks, predict maintenance, and improve energy efficiency among many other tasks. Experts say that AI is the future- but if we look around we see that it is not the future- it is the present. It does not only save manpower but also increases productivity.
AI is broadly referred to as automation, and it concerns many people because of potential job loss. Experts say that by 2030, 73 million people will lose their job. On the other hand, it will also generate some jobs.
Machine learning is a sub-area of AI, it provides system the ability to automatically learn from previous experiences without giving any commands; machines learn by discovering patterns and insights from data.According to a report, Machine Learning market is expected to grow to $8.81 billion by 2020.
It undoubtedly helps people to work more creatively and efficiently. Scanning, saving and filing paper documents such as invoices etc. Self-learning programs can perform more complex tasks e.g. recognition of error patterns. It is very helpful in manufacturing industry because they want error-free production. While experts often cannot be sure about the error, machine identifies it easily- this saves downtime and money.
There are more than 14 types of machine learning but some of the important ones are as follows:
- Supervised learning:In the course of monitored learning, example models are defined dearly in advance.
- Unsupervised learning: Artificial learning learns without any models or predefined target values and rewards.
- Partially supervised learning: It is a combination of supervised and unsupervised learning.
- Active learning: It is a type of supervised learning. It is a technique where the model is able to query a human operator during the learning process in order to resolve ambiguity during the learning process.
3.Robotic Process Automation:
A report says that more than 45% of the activities humans do can be automated includingthe work of financial managers and CEOs. It us use of software to automate business processes such as interpreting applications, processing translations dealing with data and even replying to e-mails.
4. Virtual Reality (VR) and Augment Reality (AR):
Virtual Reality takes the user in a specific environment while Augment Reality enhances their environment. VR is primarily used in gaming but it has some other functions as well. Both VR and AR have enormous functions like entertainment, marketing, education, etc. It can take you to another world. Now the graphics have improved so much that it is difficult to tell the difference between a cartoon tiger and a real tiger. For example, 2019’s “Lion King”, a cartoon movie seems like a National Geographic’s documentary. So, this VR and AR have a large scope in film industry as well.
Cybersecurity is not a new emerging technology but as long as we have hackers, we will have cybersecurity as an emerging technology because it will constantly evolve to defend against those hackers. The number of cybersecurity jobs is growing three times faster thanother tech jobs but the number of applicants is less than the required rate. As a result, it is predicted that we will have 3.5 million unfilled cybersecurity jobs by 2021.