International calls for “restraint” and avoiding escalation continued after the exchange Iran AndPakistan Bombardment and targeting of sites that each party says are the headquarters of armed groups targeting its lands, amid signs of calm on both sides.
Yesterday, Thursday, Pakistan announced the implementation of “accurate” military strikes against “terrorist hideouts” in the Iranian province of Sistan and Baluchestan, a day after an attack carried out by Tehran with missiles and drones that targeted two sites in Pakistan that Iran accuses a “terrorist group” of being active in.
The United Nations called on both Iran and Pakistan to exercise restraint, and stressed the necessity of resolving all problems between the two countries by peaceful means. United Nations spokesman Stephane Dujarric said that the increasing tension in the region in general is worrying, and that the Secretary-General of the Organization António Guterres Ready to provide support if asked.
Dujarric added in a press conference, “We call for the utmost levels of restraint, and Iran and Pakistan must solve all their problems through peaceful means, dialogue and cooperation,” and stressed the need for the solution to be within the framework of the principles of sovereignty and good neighbourliness.
In Washington, White House National Security Council spokesman John Kirby confirmed that the United States “does not want an escalation in South Asia and Central Asia,” and said that the American administration is “closely following” the tension between the two countries, and he added in front of journalists accompanying President Joe Biden on the plane. Presidential Council: “They are two heavily armed countries, and again, we do not want to see escalation.”
For his part, US State Department spokesman Matthew Miller said, “We are concerned about the escalation of tensions in the region and we continue to urge all parties to exercise restraint,” adding, “We do not want an escalation and believe that any escalation cannot be justified.”
China expressed its readiness to mediate between Pakistan and Iran, and Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Mao Ning said in a regular press conference, “The Chinese side sincerely hopes that the two sides can calm down, exercise restraint, and avoid escalating tensions,” and added, “We are ready to play a constructive role in reducing the escalation.” “If both parties so desire.”
The European Union expressed its deep concern about “the spiral of violence in the Middle East and beyond,” and spokesman Peter Stano said, “These attacks, including inside Pakistan, Iraq and Iran, now constitute a source of grave concern for the European Union because they violate the sovereignty and territorial integrity of states, and also have a destabilizing effect.” In the region.”
For its part, Russia urged Islamabad and Tehran to reduce the escalation, and the Russian Foreign Ministry called on both parties in a statement to “exercise the utmost levels of restraint and resolve emerging issues exclusively through political and diplomatic means.”
Relations between Pakistan and Iran have been tense in the past, but the strikes are the largest cross-border incursion in the past few years.
The mutual military strikes between the two countries increase concerns about instability in the region, but both sides indicated a desire to contain the situation. The Iranian Foreign Ministry affirmed its commitment to good-neighborly relations with Pakistan, but called on it to prevent the establishment of “terrorist bases” on its territory.
In turn, the Pakistani Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a similar statement that the goal of its military action “was to seek to achieve Pakistan’s security and national interests, which is extremely important and cannot be compromised.”
In the context of the truce, Turkish Foreign Minister Hakan Fidan confirmed after speaking with his counterparts from the two countries that both parties do not want to escalate tensions.
According to observers, the two armed groups – targeted by the bombing – are active in an area that includes the Balochistan province in southwestern Pakistan and the Sistan and Baluchestan province in southeastern Iran. The two regions are experiencing unrest and suffer from poverty to a large extent, although they are rich in minerals.