After an arduous session, the deputies approved in general and in particular, the presidential initiative that seeks to pass theThe functions of the National Guard to the Secretary of National Defense (Sedena).
During the first ordinary session of the second legislative year and after 2:45 p.m. of discussion, the Chamber of Deputies approved with 264 votes in favor, 212 against and 1 abstentionin general and in particular, modifications to various provisions of the Organic Laws of the Federal Public Administration, of the National Guard, Organic of the Mexican Army and Air Force, and Promotions and Rewards of the Mexican Army and Air Force, in matters National Guard and Public Security.
The reforms proposed by President Andrés Manuel López Obrador and presented by the deputy of Morena Ignacio Mier Velazco, did not undergo any modification and were sent to the Chamber of Senators for their constitutional effects.
The approved document indicates that its purpose is to strengthen the institutional consolidation of the National Guard as a permanent, professional and disciplined police force, under the operational and administrative control of the Secretary of National Defense (Sedena), to guarantee the fulfillment of its objectives of safeguard the life, liberties and integrity of the patrimony of the people.
Opposition will challenge the initiative in the SCJN
By showing itself against the project, the PRD parliamentary group assured that the government of Andrés Manuel López Obrador failed in its strategy of “hugs not bullets” to combat crime and curb violence in the country, and censored the actions of the parties. of the ruling party by violating the legislative process in its entirety and approving in “fast track” the Initiative to incorporate the National Guard into the structure of the Mexican Army.
He warned through the deputies Francisco Huacus; Marcelino Castañeda and Elizabeth Pérez who did it this Friday, evidences a clear demarcation of the Federal Government before its failed “strategy” of considering criminals “human beings who deserve our respect” and will be fought before the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation that , in his case, will invalidate what was approved today (just like what happened a few days ago when he overturned the reforms to the Telecommunications Law for “serious violations of the legislative procedure”, and thus the government will pass the responsibility for the insecurity of the country, into the hands of of the ministers.
On the other hand, he stated that the Initiative sent by López Obrador contravenes what is embodied in Article 21 of the Constitution, which indicates that “public security institutions -including the National Guard- will be of a civilian nature, so, clearly, it is a project of decree, unconstitutional and therefore, the Parliamentary Group of Sol Azteca, “will not be an accomplice of a new presidential political artifice.”
For her part, Deputy Margarita Zavala Gómez del Campo (PAN), wife of former President Felipe Calderón, who is credited with starting the “War on Drug Trafficking,” assured that there is a crisis of violence for not confronting crime and that this initiative is about the surrender of the State in the face of organized crime.
He explained that the initiative compromises the Army, and maintained that the “policy of hugs and not bullets is killing Mexicans.”
Meanwhile, deputy Mario Rafael Llergo Latournerie (Morena), speaking in favor of the initiative, pointed out that the opposition is lying and recalled that 14 issues were dismissed in the administration of former President Felipe Calderón, so he does not understand the position of criticism that they maintain in the discussion of this initiative.
Deputy Ana Karina Rojo Pimentel (PT) argued that the six-year term of former President Felipe Calderón Hinojosa will never be forgotten by Mexicans and that the National Guard is the result of the institutional effort of the Mexican State to deal with the effects that crime organized generated during the administration of Felipe Calderón.
Meanwhile, Deputy Jorge Álvarez Máynez (MC) referred to the waste of resources for 16 years with the same strategy and spoke out for making a -resources bag- for 10 years to strengthen the state and municipal police.
He warned about the confusion of functions due to the dismantling of the state and municipal police, in addition to expressing that the sense of urgency in the approval of the reform has not been justified. Finally, he pointed out that they will continue to defend the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States.
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