Tehran- Less than a month after Tehran and Washington exchanged 5 prisoners from both sides in exchange for the release of $6 billion in Iranian assets frozen in South Korea, the war came to an end. Gaza strip To overshadow the Iranian nuclear file.
Although the Iranian Foreign Minister Hussein Amir AbdullahianLast September, he confirmed his country’s readiness to take the final step regarding the Vienna negotiations aimed at implementing the nuclear agreement based on the “September 2022 Document.” Last November, the United States and the European Troika (Germany, France, and the United Kingdom) condemned the lack of cooperation from… Before Tehran in its nuclear file.
Meanwhile, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Rafael Grossi, in an interview with the Financial Times, called on world leaders to resume negotiations with Iran regarding its nuclear program and not to ignore the risks associated with the accumulation of its reserves of enriched uranium.
Grossi continued, saying, “Trying to return the nuclear agreement to the framework of the JCPOA will not succeed, but it can still be called JCPOA No. 2 or something like that, because we will have to adapt.”
Grossi also reiterated – in an interview with France 24 – his concern about… Iran's nuclear programHe explained that the Iranians have important nuclear materials that are no longer in the possession of anyone except the countries that possess nuclear weapons. This does not mean that they have nuclear weapons, but “they have a kind of capability that certainly raises concern.”
On the other hand, Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Nasser Kanaani commented on Grossi’s statements by saying that his country “expects the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency to speak impartially and to maintain professionalism in the interviews he conducts so that biased countries do not have the opportunity to exploit the agency politically.”
This comes in the midst of the ongoing Israeli aggression against Gaza and the approaching US presidential elections scheduled for 2024, making Washington and its European allies lose many of the cards that were used to curb Iran’s nuclear activities, for fear of fueling conflict in the Middle East.
In this context, Reuters reported – citing two confidential International Atomic Energy Agency reports that it reviewed – that “Iran has enriched uranium to a purity of up to 60%, enough to manufacture three nuclear bombs.” It also quoted a senior European diplomat that “there is a type “It is paralyzing, especially among Americans, because they do not want to add fuel to the fire.”
For its part, Agence France-Presse saw that “the conflict between Israel and Hamas overshadows the Iranian nuclear file in International Atomic Energy Agency“The Iranian nuclear escalation raises serious concerns, in light of the exclusion of International Atomic Energy Agency inspectors and the suspension of surveillance cameras, but Western countries are reluctant to act for fear that this will inflame tensions in the Middle East.”
Politicization of the file
The interpretation of Iranian circles regarding the raising of their country's nuclear file varies at the present time, between those who accuse Western institutions of seeking to divert attention from what is happening in Gaza and others who believe that Grossi's positions did not bring anything new regarding Tehran's nuclear file.
For his part, political researcher Mehdi Azizi criticized the silence of Western institutions, led by the International Atomic Energy Agency, regarding the threat of the Israeli Minister of Heritage. Amichai Eliyahuusing Nuclear bomb against the Palestinian people in the Gaza Strip, while the agency did not miss an opportunity to continuously express its concern about Tehran’s nuclear program.
Speaking to Al Jazeera Net, Azizi accused Western institutions of politicizing his country’s nuclear file, explaining that Tehran does not see any connection between its nuclear file and the Israeli aggression against Gaza, and that it is making every effort to stop the war machine against defenseless civilians in the Gaza Strip, and that there is no truth to what is rumored in some media outlets. Media about Iran increasing the pace of uranium enrichment after a battle Al-Aqsa flood.
An old worry
The political researcher concluded that “the Western camp that supports the Zionist entity is waging a propaganda war to cover up the occupation's defeats in its war on Gaza, on the one hand, and to raise the Iranian nuclear file to pressure Tehran and distort its efforts aimed at a ceasefire in the Gaza Strip, on the other hand.”
Professor of International Relations at the University of Tehran, Rahman Ghahramanpour, believes that there is nothing new in Grossi’s recent positions, as they were previously mentioned in his report submitted to the Board of Governors of the IAEA last September, describing the accumulation of Tehran’s reserves of highly enriched uranium as “a natural matter after About 3 months have passed.
When he pointed out the concern of some European parties that the war on Gaza would put Tehran’s nuclear file on the sidelines and undermine the ability of the United States to curb it, which would pave the way for the Iranian side to accelerate the pace of its development, Qahramanpour explained to Al Jazeera Net that the conflict in the Middle East had already frozen the nuclear negotiations that It was continuing until just before October 7.
Qahramanpour continued that the Gaza war has removed many international files from the priorities of some countries, and that the decline in diplomatic movements in the Iranian nuclear file does not mean eliminating the results of indirect negotiations under regional auspices, but rather an indication of the existence of an emergency file in the world, adding that matters are slipping away. The war on Gaza may raise tensions in the Middle East to very dangerous levels.
Regarding Grossi’s talk about the necessity of negotiating with Tehran to reach a new agreement regarding its nuclear file, the Iranian researcher explained that the director of the IAEA means that his organization was unable to provide the necessary data on the Iranian nuclear file through the previous nuclear agreement, and now needs a modern mechanism to carry out its mission in Iran.