While it is normal for people to wake up in the middle of the night to eat a snack or to go to the bathroom late at night, it is different for diabetics. In the morning, not because they ate the wrong food last night but because of high blood sugar levels.
If you suffer from a slight rise in blood sugar or glucose levels in the morning, these two reasons for this sudden rise may be exposure to the dawn phenomenon or the Somoji effect, and here is everything you need to know about it, according to a website report. thehealthsite“.
What is the phenomenon of dawn?
This phenomenon is related to the body changes that occur during sleep, including a slight increase in blood sugar levels, and its rise can be controlled for a person without diabetes, but it may be important for diabetics, because it tells hormones such as cortisol, growth hormone and the liver to increase glucose production, which gives you Energy to help you wake up early in the morning.
To keep blood glucose levels in balance, this causes the beta cells in the pancreas to secrete insulin, however if you have diabetes, you may not produce enough insulin which makes it difficult to counteract high blood sugar.
As a result, when you wake up, your levels may be higher, and the dawn phenomenon is not affected by the type of diabetes, which affects about half of people with type 1 or 2 diabetes.
What is the Somoji effect?
Another source of morning blood sugar spikes, according to some experts, is the effect of Somogyi Rebound hyperglycemia, or rebound hyperglycemia, blood sugar levels rise in response to hypoglycemia.
The Somoji effect, also known as rebound hyperglycemia, is the second cause of high blood sugar in the morning. When the blood sugar level drops too low in the middle of the night, the body releases hormones that prompt the liver to release stored glucose to stabilize the amount of glucose. In the body, however, in diabetes, the liver produces extra glucose, which causes the blood sugar level to rise in the morning.
What is the difference between the dawn phenomenon and the Somogyi effect?
The main difference between the two is that the effect of Somogyi It causes hypoglycemia followed by high blood sugar.
The best way to be sure is to check your blood sugar levels before bed and after waking up to determine if the rise is due to an effect Somogyi or not.
effect Somogyi Responsible for low blood sugar levels at night, if blood sugar levels are normal or high, it may be a sign of the dawn phenomenon, another thing to consider is that the effect of Somogyi It can happen at any time of the day when your blood sugar level is high.
ways to manage it
Once you are sure what is causing a sudden spike in your blood sugar levels, you can deal with it by taking the appropriate precautions, namely increasing your insulin dose or taking medications meant to regulate your blood sugar, but only after consulting your doctor for the best symptom management advice.