After a long battle against the Corona virus since its appearance, giving the vaccine has certainly caused a sigh of relief. A double dose of the Corona virus injection can reduce the risk of infection and prevent the virus from causing serious infections that may require hospitalization or become fatal However, in the case of people who With weak immunity, there is uncertainty about the effectiveness of the vaccine and the amount of protection it will provide, which will be answered in the following lines according to a report by the Times of India.
Do vaccines protect people who are immunocompromised?
Immunocompromised people have an underlying condition that weakens their immunity, putting them at risk of infection, and the immune system of these people is not strong enough to fight the virus and prevent it from causing serious health problems Those who have cancer, organ transplants, metabolic and autoimmune diseases and take medications Those that alter the immune response fall into this category. This makes most people wonder whether or not the vaccine could be effective on them..
How does vaccination work?
Most vaccines that are being taken today contain substances from the virus. When these substances enter our bodies, cells instruct our immune cells to make a harmless protein according to the structure of the virus. Once our cells make copies of the protein, the body destroys the genetic material from the vaccine. Our body stores the protein structure in cells. His memory to fight the virus that causes corona if it becomes infected in the future In the case of immunocompromised people, the immune system does not work efficiently It is believed that the immune system may not be able to generate an adequate response from the vaccine It raises the question whether the vaccine can reduce the risk of infection infected.
Are vaccines effective on immunocompromised persons?
A study conducted specifically on organ transplant recipients indicates that they show a poor antibody response to the coronavirus vaccines. Moreover, of all the people who participated in the study, only 17% developed a detectable amount of antibody response in about two weeks after receiving The first dose of the mRNA vaccine After the second dose, antibody responses were detectable in 54% of the participants. Study researchers also found that transplant patients had a high risk of infection and serious outcomes..
However, it is important to remember that the study was conducted specifically on organ transplant recipients. The antibody response elicited by vaccines in people with other immunodeficiency diseases may be different..
The need for a booster dose
Experts in the medical sciences believe that giving an additional booster dose to immunocompromised people may reduce the risk of infection and hospitalization The third dose can increase the immune response and the level of the antibody response to Coronavirus. Fourth and Fifth dose By then, following all the precautionary rules related to COVID-19 is the only way to stay safe Wear a mask when you go out, keep six feet apart, follow good hygiene habits and get vaccinated.