If you’re planning mining and tunneling operations, you must be prepared for emergencies. It’d be best if you considered creating an emergency plan to help identify and control any health and safety risks that may arise during mining and tunneling. Since emergencies are unpredictable, it is impossible to forecast when they will occur. A solid emergency plan will ensure that workers and everyone onsite are protected in case of accidents.
Creating an emergency preparedness plan can be complicated, but you can hire professionals to assist you. You’ll have to develop strategies to maintain control in responding to emergencies. Ideally, with an emergency preparedness plan, all participants know how to respond in an emergency to ensure everyone is safe. Here are a few factors to consider when creating one:
1. Determine Potential Emergencies
The first step in developing an emergency preparedness plan is to assess the mining and tunneling operations for potential hazards. Being aware of potential dangers enables you to focus on the emergency plan and establish appropriate strategies. And since mining and tunneling activities are complex, make sure you hire professionals to evaluate them.
During the evaluation process, everyone working on the mining and tunneling operations should wear protective gear, including a helmet and cap lamp. The protective gear will ensure that people are not severely harmed or that their injuries are minimal in an emergency. Once the mining and tunneling operations are assessed, you can use the data to determine potentially hazardous areas.
2. Come Up With A Plan
It’d be best for you to get a professional to draft the emergency preparedness plan. Mining employees’ safety in an emergency depends on how detailed and practical the preparedness plan is, and experts know how to draft it this way. However, you can also opt to make the plan if you have the technical know-how. You must ensure that the plan is simple, easy to follow, and suited for mining and tunneling operations emergencies. The workers in the mining and tunneling operations should be able to understand and implement the plan in an emergency.
The critical component of an emergency preparedness plan is the procedure to follow in an emergency. Besides hiring professionals, you can also get the workers’ opinions because they may have personally experienced an emergency. The plan should also be flexible if you need to make changes in incorporating regulations and legislation.
3. Consider Regulations And Legislation
Most countries have regulations and laws on emergency preparedness in mining and tunneling operations. When developing an emergency preparedness plan, you should ensure that it incorporates the regulations and standards established by government institutions. If your plan violates the codes of practice, it might be rejected or rendered ineffective.
Regulations on emergency preparedness in mining and tunneling operations focus on managing emergencies. Furthermore, the requirements specify what a preparedness plan should include, how you should evaluate the plan, and how to respond. Once you understand the regulations, you’ll be in a better position to create an effective emergency preparedness plan.
4. Test The Plan
You can only be sure of how effective the emergency preparedness plan is if it’s tested. Start by making all the workers familiarize themselves with emergency protocols and procedures. You can then conduct drills in different scenarios, from potential minor emergencies to the worst possible cases. The drills and tests will help evaluate the response time and potential injuries that might be incurred.
Additionally, the tests would help highlight areas that need improvement. It’d be best if you used dummies during the tests to avoid causing actual injury to workers. Furthermore, the dummies can withstand rigorous tests, such as flames and falling debris instead of placing your workers in danger. Once you’re confident that the plan is viable, you can implement it.
5. Train Workers
An emergency preparedness plan will fail if workers are not adequately taught how to respond. Consider getting professionals to offer training on the preparedness plan. Potential emergencies will determine the scope of training, the shifts worked, response capability, emergency resources, accessibility, and workers’ roles during shifts. You’ll also have to consider any emergency responders in the area and the size of your operation.
In addition, you should sufficiently train the onsite workers in using different equipment for work and emergency response. Workers should also be prepared to secure the site and notify managers during an emergency. Skills such as first aid are also essential and should be covered during training.
You’ll require an emergency preparedness plan to conduct mining and tunneling operations successfully. It’s advisable to consult professionals because an emergency preparedness plan can be complex to create. When making the plan, you should consider several things, such as the location, size, number of workers, and proximity to the nearest emergency responders. Once the plan is complete, please keep it in a public place where anybody can access it at any time.