The heart has 4 valves that keep blood flowing in the right direction. In some cases, one or more valves do not open or close properly, and this causes an imbalance in the blood flow from the heart to the body. Treatment for heart valve disease depends on which valve is affected, and the type of The severity of the valve disease, and sometimes heart valve disease that requires surgery to repair or replace the heart valve.
According to the website, mayoclinicPeople with heart valve disease may not have any symptoms for years. Signs and symptoms of aortic valve disease include the following:
When the doctor listens with his stethoscope to the heart, he will find an abnormal sound (heart murmur).
Flatulence (occurring frequently in advanced tricuspid regurgitation).
Shortness of breath, especially when you are active or lying down.
Swelling of the ankles and feet.
The heart has four valves that keep blood flowing in the right direction. These valves include the mitral valve, tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve, and aortic valve. Each valve has folds (leaflets or cusps) that open and close once during each heartbeat, and sometimes valves don’t open or close properly, disrupting blood flow through the heart to the body.
Valvular heart disease may be present at birth and adults may also be affected by a variety of causes and conditions, such as infections and other heart conditions..
Heart valve disorders may include:
– Regurgitation: in this case the valve folds do not close properly; This causes blood in the heart to leak backward, usually because the valve folds protrude backward, a condition known as prolapse..
Stenosis: When the valve is narrowed, the valve folds become thickened or stiff, and may fuse together, resulting in a narrower valve opening and reduced blood flow through the valve..
Atresia: In this condition, the valve is deformed, and a hard layer of tissue prevents blood flow between the chambers of the heart.