With the rapid spread of 5G networks in many countries, as it is expected to become the dominant network in the world early next year 2023, scientists are currently looking at and researching the next generation of networks, which is the sixth generation network. 6G, which is expected to start commercial operation in early 2030.
Perhaps what accelerates research in the sixth generation networks is China’s precedence of the United States of America in particular, and Western countries in general in adopting the fifth generation networks and controlling their spread. China has succeeded in the past few years in achieving a wide global spread of its fifth generation networks, due to its competitive prices and capabilities The communication breakthroughs compared to previous generations of networks, but the United States may find an opportunity to return to competition in the field of Internet communications, through the development of sixth generation networks.
Unprecedented speed in history
Compared with the 5G network, the 6G network will increase data transmission rates by more than 100 times to reach 1 terabyte per second or more, and the response time for 6G networks will be less than 100 microseconds (0.1 millimeter per second), which is one tenth of the response time For the fifth generation networks, the sixth generation networks far outperform the fifth generation networks in terms of peak rate and delay, traffic density, connection density and mobility, and positioning capabilities, as well as much wider network coverage, as reported by the RCRwireless platform in her recent report.
All of these features will enable smart devices connected to this network to transfer huge amounts of data to the required place at the required time at a record speed. In this context, the sixth generation networks will need to modify and align the services they provide to meet the necessary demands, transfer valuable data and interact with users.
To meet these requirements, researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) of the US Department of Commerce recently presented a theory they called “mailbox theory”, in which they said that the next 6G networks will have the following features:
distributed intelligent network
The 6G network will have smart applications embedded and transmitted throughout the network, so that it is intelligent, managed and controlled, and the network will be able to transmit, store and analyze large-scale data while providing personal access to it anytime and anywhere.
It will be an interactive personal network focused on demand. Users will select network functions to schedule resources when they are requested or needed. Moreover, the network will be adjusted in real time according to changes in user demand. Such a design requires artificial intelligence to adjust the network while protecting personal data.
Transfer the required knowledge
Compared with traditional telecom networks, 6G will greatly reduce redundant transmissions and better ensure semantic extraction and transmission rather than sending large amounts of irrelevant information that may confuse and distract users.
Also, the sixth generation networks will lead to a world connected in a comprehensive and integrated manner with the integration of wireless and satellite communications, which can achieve global coverage through the integration of communications via satellite, which means a world connected permanently away from the disconnection that was occurring in generations. previous networks.
Science fiction becomes reality
According to the techwireasia platform, the technology of the sixth generation networks will help the fourth industrial revolution to reach its climax in the next decade, because of the high speed in transmitting data and information and the wide frequency band it has, applications such as the Internet of things that require a connection A large number of simultaneous network devices, flying taxis, human brains directly connected to the Internet, as well as hologram technology (real-time holograms) will all become very common in our lives. In fact, with the sixth generation network, what was a science fiction will become an embodied and natural reality in our lives and even necessary for our civilization and ways of living, just like the Internet and electricity networks are now.