Al Jazeera Net correspondents
Kampala- The preparatory meetings of countries are completed Non-Aligned Movement Her work in Uganda With political and economic committees and sessions for foreign ministers of member states in preparation for the Leaders’ Summit on January 19 and 20, the summit is being held in the midst of political and economic challenges and questions about the feasibility and impact of the movement in a world ablaze with crises.
The countries of the Non-Aligned Movement come to the summit, each carrying their own priorities, what they may accept or reject, and what they want and try to pass. According to these rules, the preparatory meetings for the movement’s summit in the Ugandan capital, Kampala, proceed in line with an approach that has accompanied it since its founding.
The Non-Aligned Movement has never issued very surprising or shocking decisions, but it has previously overcome some political impasses, such as calling for “the withdrawal of foreign forces from… Afghanistan AndCambodia“In 1981, at a time when some Member States were seen as being in orbit Moscow.
That political complex passed and did not cease at that time, nor did it become stronger after more than 4 decades passed since that position. Indeed, you believe that the world needs to remember the foundations upon which the moment of founding was based.
Ugandan Foreign Minister Odingo Jeji Abubakar says, “The Non-Aligned Movement remains an important organization, and given the increasingly complex international situation, the principles of Bandung Conference The ten are still relevant today.”
Uganda – which holds the rotating presidency of the movement, along with 93 countries out of 120 participating in the meetings – knows that it is witnessing a complex reality in terms of escalating political tensions, starting from the regional environment of Uganda, which hosts the Non-Aligned Summit, to coups that overthrow the influence of the movement. Franceand ignited Sudan In an internal crisis.
In theory, the Non-Aligned countries cannot ignore Africa’s issues, as Kampala is also hosting – in parallel with the non-aligned leaders’ summit – a meeting of the East African Organization (IGAD), and Sudan, Somalia and Ethiopia are the meeting’s agenda.
In Eastern Europe, the West competesRussia In a file UkraineAmid a Chinese-American struggle over influence on trade routes in Africa, Asia, and…The Middle EastThe most dangerous crisis and the greatest challenge to the movement, as the Israeli war on… Gaza strip A pivotal moment in its effects and repercussions on global geopolitical developments.
Therefore, the war on Gaza emerged as a first issue in the preliminary meetings, and the Arab group and the Palestinian delegation demanded that the issue be included in the “Kampala Document” in line with the decisions of the Non-Aligned countries at the summit. Azerbaijan 2019 and a decision United Nations General Assembly Calling for an immediate ceasefire in Gaza.
In turn, he called a representative Palestine Always in United nations Ambassador Riyad Mansour called on the Non-Aligned Movement to adopt the points of the document by supporting the Palestinian people to end the occupation, achieve their right to self-determination, establish an independent Palestinian state, and return refugees. He also called on it to include in the summit’s final document “a call for an immediate ceasefire.”
But the movement needs a position that is higher and more influential than simply calling for an end to the war. Not taking a position or being satisfied with a low-level position would be tantamount to acknowledging the lack of political weight and diplomatic weight of the movement and signing its death certificate.
But a position that rises to the level of what the sector has been exposed to for more than 100 days may not be available before the summit of leaders and presidents.
Ugandan Foreign Ministry Secretary-General Vincent Bagiria said, “The Palestinian issue and the position on what is happening in Gaza were not put to a vote in the meetings of senior officials, and that the movement's working mechanism is based on making unanimous decisions.”
On the economic level, there are joints that have escaped the control of the Non-Aligned Countries as a bloc, and countries in it have branched out into political and economic alliances, and members of the movement acknowledge that it faces the challenges of “food insecurity, migration, unemployment, health epidemics, climate change, terrorism, development financing and the burden of debt.” According to Ugandan Foreign Minister Odingo Jeji Abubakar.
A report issued by the United Nations reinforces these challenges, as 40% of developing countries suffer from a high basis and cost of their debt, which amounts to about 4 times the cost of borrowing. United State.
The head of the Azerbaijani delegation, Yalchin Rafiev, does not lose sight of this challenge, and believes that keeping the Non-Aligned Movement united “can make progress towards a just and equitable world order.”
And while used Washington The weapon of sanctions and removal from trade agreements, as was done with Uganda, is expanding China In Africa, where it passesSilk Road“New, and waiting Beijing The work of the Non-Aligned Summit ends, and it, in turn, chairs the “South Summit” or “Group 77 “+ China is in the same place where the movement comes together.