The social organization, México Evalúa, warned that, almost a decade after the entry into force of the current Criminal Justice system, there is a significant disorder in the federal criminal prosecution policy, which does not give priority to serious crimes; as well as an inefficient transition by the FGR towards a new law enforcement model.
When presenting the ninth edition of the report “Findings 2021. Monitoring and evaluation of the criminal justice system”, México Evalúa also said it had identified that, during 2021, only 3 out of 100 intentional homicides were resolved in the current criminal justice system.
At the same time, a weakening of instances focused on the protection of victims, such as public defenders, was found.
Likewise, according to the report of the annual evaluation of the criminal justice system, and which for the first time calculates the impunity index for nine crimes, forced disappearance (98.9%), extortion (98.2%), family violence (97.1%) and intentional homicide (96.9%), presented the highest percentages.
By focusing on the insufficient budget for the institutions of the system, as well as on the asymmetries evidenced by the distribution and the work overload of the operators, which they consider favor, to a great extent, that 91.8% of the crimes investigated go unpunished at the national level.
In this sense, the document indicates that in 2021 the budget of the criminal justice system at the state level increased only 0.07% compared to 2020 and 50% of these resources were allocated to public security, 26% to prosecutors, 22% to the judiciary, 2% to the defense offices and barely 0.43% to the victim assistance commissions.
While the workload faced by the institutions of the criminal justice system faces a significant problem, this by identifying that, in 2021, each Public Ministry carried, on average, 169 investigation files at the national level; each expert attended 356 requests; each public defender represented 271 people and each victim advisor 175.
The document also identified that there was a failed transition of the Office of the Attorney General of the Republic (FGR), in terms of law enforcement, by betting on a punitive approach through greater use of informal imprisonment and the militarization of public security.
México Evalúa warned that in 2021 the number of people under pretrial detention increased by 27%, unofficially imposing three out of five.
At the federal level, 98.6% of people in pretrial detention were imposed by informal or automatic means.
“The truth is that four out of 10 people under justified preventive detention are investigated for robbery and two out of 10 for drug dealing.
“In the case of informal or automatic preventive detention, three out of 10 people are investigated for robbery and one out of 10 for family violence, drug dealing and homicide,” the document says.
While for 2021, the percentage of precautionary measures released was reduced by 66.8%, while the average percentage of preventive detention increased by 33.2 percent.
Only two out of 10 people who were in preventive detention received a conviction.
A noteworthy fact corresponds to the time in which people have been under the precautionary measure of preventive detention, since at the end of 2021 it amounted to 4,904 people with more than 730 days.
The NGO indicated that, although some crimes, such as theft or drug dealing, can be resolved by suspension conditional on the process or through reparation agreements, in the end they are resolved through more complex means such as the abbreviated procedure or oral trial.
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