A study conducted in the United States showed high rates of accuracy in diagnosing diseases in emergency departments in American hospitals, and that accuracy rates in diagnosis are generally high and that the error rate does not exceed 5.7%.
The study conducted by the Commission for Healthcare Research and Quality in the United States – which was based on 279 research papers that addressed the problem of diagnostic errors – revealed that 2% of patients who are exposed to errors in diagnosing their health conditions are exposed to complications, and that the percentage of those who are exposed to serious health problems due to diagnostic errors is approximately 0.3%.
The researchers found that 5 health problems account for 39% of diagnostic errors and resulting complications, which are strokes, heart attacks, blood vessel blockages, spinal cord injuries, and finally deep vein thrombosis in the body.
The study stated that some ambiguous or non-specific health symptoms may lead to misdiagnosis of the disease, and that symptoms such as dizziness increase the chances of misdiagnosis by 14 times in cases such as stroke, for example.
The researchers concluded in the study reported by the Medical Express website, which specializes in medical research, that “comprehensive solutions must be found to enhance the process of diagnosing pathological conditions, while targeting common errors in diagnosis that are related to major diseases and result in serious complications.”