Heart attacks occur when blood flow to the heart is blocked, usually due to a buildup of fats, cholesterol and other substances in the arteries.
Although chest pain is one of the main symptoms associated with a heart attack, there are also a large number of other possible symptoms of the condition.
The disclosure of these potential symptoms occurred in a study that sought to determine the level of knowledge of the signs and symptoms of heart attack and stroke in a Singapore population, compared to the global community.
According to the researchers in the study, cold, damp skin, gray pale and the acute appearance of the disease are visual clues to having a heart attack.
Other warning signs include:
Prolonged pain in the center of the chest, pressure, or burning sensation
Pain that spreads from the chest area to the neck, arms, shoulders, or jaw
-Shortness of breath
Chills and sweating
How do you respond to symptoms
According to the British Heart Foundation (BHF), a heart attack is a medical emergency and ambulance should be called as soon as symptoms appear.
If the patient delays calling the ambulance, “he is likely to suffer serious heart damage and will most likely need intensive care and spend more time in the hospital.”
How to prevent a heart attack
Making lifestyle changes is the most effective way to prevent a heart attack. One of the most important precautionary steps you can take is to follow a heart-healthy diet. The main advice is to eliminate high-fat foods from your diet.
The British National Health Service (NHS) warns that “continuing to eat foods rich in fat will lead to the accumulation of more fatty plaque in the arteries,” and this is because fatty foods contain an unhealthy type of cholesterol called LDL cholesterol, according to the Health Services Authority.
The body advises: “Avoid foods that contain high levels of saturated fats, because they increase the levels of harmful cholesterol in the blood.”
Foods high in saturated fat include pancakes, fried foods, sausages, and fatty cuts of meat.
Instead, you should choose a Mediterranean diet. This means eating more bread, fruits, vegetables and fish, and less meat.
In fact, research shows that following a Mediterranean diet can reduce the risk of another heart attack.
The traditional Mediterranean diet naturally includes most of the major diet changes that will help keep your heart healthy.
The British Heart Foundation advises: “So you can try to base your meals on starchy carbohydrates such as wholegrain bread and pasta and make sure you eat plenty of fruits, vegetables and salads, including tomatoes.”
She adds: “Instead of relying on meat, make sure you have a variety of protein options by eating more fish in your diet as well as beans and pulses.”