Ethiopian refugees in the Umm Rakuba camp in eastern Sudan supported the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Army, which had for a time dominated Ethiopian politics, but was expelled from its stronghold in Tigray region last year.
During the anniversary commemorations of the establishment of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front, which lasted for several days until Friday, activists were able to provide paint for their faces, loudspeakers for broadcasting sermons, and cloth to make banners and flags. The “Umm Rakuba” camp is one of a series of camps established along The eastern border of Sudan, and now accommodates some of the more than 60 thousand Ethiopian refugees, entered the country after the outbreak of the recent fighting in the Ethiopian Tigray region.
“They hold this celebration annually, and they will continue to celebrate it anytime and anywhere,” Tesfalam Jabramdhan, a resident of the camp, told AFP that for nearly three decades, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front has been “It celebrates its anniversary on February 18, with parades and parades in Addis Ababa, and Mekele, the capital of the Tigray region.
It should be noted that the front was removed from power in 2018, and then the Ethiopian federal forces expelled it from Mikkeli in an attack last November, and some of its leaders were killed, while the remaining senior commanders hid, and the front returned to the guerrilla approach that it has maintained since its establishment in The year 1975, until its victorious entry into Addis Ababa in 1991, according to Agence France-Presse.
And Abi Ahmed, the head of the Ethiopian government, had declared victory over the Popular Front for the Liberation of Tigrayans, after his forces took control of Mekele, the capital of the region, but news remained of the continued fighting at low levels.
Thousands were killed, and hundreds of thousands were forced to leave their homes with a shortage of food, water and medicine throughout the region, which has a population of more than 5 million people. Since late last year, the Ethiopian army has launched a large-scale military operation against the “Tigrayan Liberation Front”, which has been ruling Ethiopia since the 1990s The last century, in the wake of an attack by the front on the northern command of the Ethiopian National Defense Forces.
During the height of the conflict in November, the Ethiopian government said it would not negotiate with the LTTE until its efforts to restore the rule of law were complete, and after declaring victory over it later that month, it said it was “focusing on arresting senior MILF members who are still at large.”
Among the points raised by the front, the demand of Eritrea to withdraw its forces from the region, and the accusations of the presence of Eritrean soldiers fighting alongside government forces, are among the most contentious issues in the conflict.
Eritrea and Ethiopia have previously denied that Eritrean forces are operating on Ethiopian territory, but dozens of eyewitnesses said they saw Eritrean forces on Ethiopian territory.
Source: “AFP” + “Reuters”