A stroke is a medical emergency that needs immediate attention, a stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain becomes blocked or ruptures the way our bodies are designed, there is no way the brain can store the required amount of oxygen for example a few minutes in an interrupted supply O2 Through the blood, therefore, the brain relies on the network of blood vessels to supply it with oxygen-rich blood.
According to a report by time now news When this blood is cut off due to a blockage in an artery or injury to the brain or blood vessel, a shortage of oxygen-rich blood occurs, causing injury to surrounding nerve cells, cutting off their supply of nutrients and oxygen. When this type of disorder lasts for more than three to four minutes, brain tissue begins in death.
According to the Cleveland Clinic, the effects of a stroke depend on the extent and location of the damage in the brain. A stroke can cause one or more of the following disabilities:
- Inability to move a part of the body (paralysis)
- Weakness in a part of the body
- numbness in part of the body
- Inability to speak or understand words
- Difficulty communicating
- Difficulty swallowing
- loss of vision
- Memory loss, confusion, or poor judgment
- Personality change and emotional problems
What causes a stroke?
There are two main causes of stroke: blockage of an artery (ischemic stroke) or a leaking or bursting blood vessel (hemorrhagic stroke). A third type of stroke is when a temporary disruption of blood flow to the brain leads to a transient ischemic attack or TIA to a mild disorder but that does not cause permanent symptoms The sooner a person treats a stroke, the more likely they are to survive and recover.
Quick symptoms to detect a stroke
Face: the face may have fallen on one side, the person may not be able to smile, or their mouth or eye may fall off.
Arms: A person with a suspected stroke may not be able to raise their arms and keep them there due to weakness or numbness in one arm..
Speech: Their speech may be slurred or distorted, or the person may not be able to speak at all even though they appear to be awake; They may also have trouble understanding what you are saying to them.